Alternate place of performance — manor-house, building ruins, farmhouse, open-air surroundings, etc.

Below upper secondary education — primary and lower secondary education.

Cultural hobby — writing, singing, playing an instrument, acting, filming, dancing, fine arts and applied arts, either practised alone or in a group.

Film — feature film, documentary or animation (in table “Frequency distribution of watching films” also a serial or film made for television), full-length films as well as short films.

Films on the Internet — watching a film on Internet-TV or watching a film downloaded from Internet to PC or other media.

General museum — museum which has mixed collection and cannot be identified by a principal field.

Going to cinema — watching films in cinema, culture centre, theatre, in open air, library, school, cinema bus, etc.

Going to concerts — listening to live performances of music pieces in concert premises or other performance venues (culture centre, school, manor-house, farmhouse, in open air, etc.).

Going to theatre — watching drama, musical or dance performances either in theatre premises or other performance venues (culture centre, school, manor-house, farmhouse, in open air, etc.).

Higher white collar workers — managers and professionals.

Library — public library, school/university library, library of any institution or enterprise, etc.

Rural population — population of small towns and villages.

Sports — all kinds of sports, including motor and mind sports.

Tertiary education — professional secondary education after secondary education, professional higher education, applied higher education, professional higher education, diploma study, bachelor’s, master’s or doctoral degree.

Upper secondary education — professional secondary education after basic education, vocational education together with upper secondary education, professional secondary education after basic education, general secondary education or professional secondary education after secondary education.

Urban population — population of cities, cities without municipal status and towns.

Visiting art exhibitions — going to art exhibitions and events in art galleries, art museums or other places (either indoors or in open air).

Wage quintile — one fifth of the wage employees ordered by disposable earnings. The first or the lowest quintile contains one fifth of the wage employees receiving the lowest wages, the second quintile contains the next fifth and so on.

Workers — workers in sales and service, skilled and unskilled workers.

Writing — writing prose or poetry, no matter whether it is published or not.

Persons with intermediate occupations — technicians, small proprietors and higher level blue-collar workers.


The data are based on the ad hoc module on participation in cultural activities that was included in the Labour Force Survey in the 1st and 3rd quarter of 2004. Opinions, attitudes, interest and participation in cultural life of population aged 15–74 were surveyed. The following culture-related areas were under observation: music and concerts, theatre, art, literature and libraries, museums, cinema and sports.

As counting the attendance at cultural events and venues, every event (theatre performance, concert, art exhibition, film, sports event, library or museum visit) counts for a separate visit. For example if a person attended two exhibitions in a gallery, this is counted as two visits.

Starting from the year 2000 the Labour Force Survey is a continuous survey providing quarterly and annual results. The reference weeks for the households in the sample are distributed uniformly throughout the whole year, e.g. for every week of the year the same number of interviews is  carried out.

The target population of the survey is the working-age population of Estonia (aged 15–74). Since 2002, the date of birth is taken into account when calculating the age of the respondent: the working age population is the population between the ages of 15 and 74 in the reference week. In 2002–2004 the 2000 Population and Housing Census database and since 2005 the Population Register is used as a sample frame.

The expansion of the data of the Labour Force Survey is based on the estimated population of 1 January of the reference year. The expansion coefficients have been calculated according to the county, sex and 5-year age groups. All the data presented are estimates of actual parameters. The estimates that are based on less than 20 persons of the sample have not been published (in tables the symbol “..”) as not sufficiently reliable.


Eesti Statistika Kuukiri. 1/2006. Monthly Bulletin of Estonian Statistics

Sotsiaalne ebavõrdsus. Social Inequality. Analytical publication


Maali Käbin

Population and social statistics department

Tel +372 625 9315

Last updated: 23.10.2019