Accommodation at the place of acquaintance/relative – private accommodation free of charge, including also own apartment or house, a house acquired for personal or company timeshares, etc.

Business trip – conference, seminar or meeting; an educational or fact-finding trip; visit to exhibitions; giving a concert. Generally this trip is paid for by the employer.

Holiday trip – a relaxing trip; a trip to deal with a hobby, incl. art or sports; a cultural or entertainment trip.

Hotel and similar establishment – a hotel, suite hotel, motel, small hotel, beach hotel, club with sleeping opportunity, boarding house, house with rental rooms, etc. Accommodation establishments belonging to this category need to have also minimal room service besides cleaning.

Not using a travel agent to make the bookings – a respondent or his/her company has planned the trip independently, without mediation of a travel agency.

Other accommodation – tenting free of charge, sleeping in the car, or other occasional overnight resting in an unofficial lodging.

Other collective accommodation establishment – a campsite, holiday home, rest home, hostel, dormitory, yacht harbour, etc.

Own travel arrangement – accommodation is looked for after reaching the destination.

Other trip – visiting a sanatorium or other health caring trip, religious trip, pilgrimage, etc.

Package tour bought at the travel agency – a travel agency has prepared a trip to a foreign country and the respondent has bought a service which contains at least two services, which are usually travel and accommodation.

Private accommodation for a fee – a room, apartment or house rented from a private individual or agency.

Single services bought at the travel agency – purchasing plane tickets, booking accommodation, ordering theatre tickets, renting a car, etc.

Specialized accommodation establishment – a health institution (sanatorium), a work and rest camp, public transport with sleeping opportunity (a ship, a train, etc), a training and conference centre, a guesthouse, home accommodation with breakfast.

Visiting a friend or relative – participating in family gatherings: a funeral, a wedding, helping in work, etc.


In 2006 the tourism of Estonian residents was studied in the Estonian Labour Force Survey (LFS). Since 2007 it has been included in the General Household Survey (GHS) and since 2010 in the Household Budget Survey (HBS).

In the Estonian Labour Force Survey questions were asked about the trips that ended during the month preceding the reference moment. The trip could have started several weeks, several months, or until a year earlier. However, only the trips that ended within the calendar month preceding the reference moment were taken into account. The reference weeks had been uniformly divided throughout the whole year, interviews were conducted during the five weeks following the reference week.

The interviews of the General Household Survey are conducted during the first month of every quarter, and questions are asked about the trips that ended within the previous quarter, i.e. within the period of the previous three months.

The population register serves as a basis for the sample of both surveys. A stratified systematic sampling was used: separately in four strata in case of the Estonian Labour Force Survey, and in three strata in case of the General Household Survey (strata are taken by counties).

In the Estonian Labour Force Survey sampling was based on the 15-74-year-olds. In the General Household Survey sampling is based on the population aged 15 or older.

The Estonian Labour Force Survey embraces all working-age household members of a person included in the sample. The working-age population is the population aged 15–74 during the reference week. The General Household Survey embraces only the permanent residents of Estonia, who are 15 years of age or older, included in the sample, with the exclusion of persons staying in institutions on a long-term basis (at least a year).

In the General Household Survey telephone interviewing has been partially used. Every quarterly sample is divided into two parts — the ordinary interview (face-to-face) sample and the telephone interview sample. In case of ordinary interviewing, the addresses obtained from the population register serve as a basis for finding persons. Interviewers shall specify the addresses if needed. In case of telephone interviewing, the telephone numbers of the persons, included in the sample according to the population register, which are obtained from the public database of telephone numbers, serve as a basis for finding persons.

All the data received through the expansion of the sample on the surveyed population are the estimates of actual parameters.

Regarding the year 2006, the estimates that are based on less than 10 persons of the sample have not been published. Regarding the year 2007, the estimates that are based on less than 20 persons of the sample have not been published (the symbol “..” in tables) as they are not reliable.

Due to rounding, the total sums in tables do not always equal the total. The difference can be up to some last decimal places.


Katriin Põlluäär
Population and Social Statistics Department
Tel +372 625 9174

Updated: 02.04.2020