DEFINITIONS

The input-output framework as an integrated part of the European System of National and Regional Accounts (ESA95) includes the supply and use tables as well as symmetric input-output tables.

The supply and use tables are matrices by products and industries describing the domestic production process in detail (the structure of production costs and the income generated in the production process) and the flows of goods and services (output, imports, exports, intermediate and final consumption, investments) by product groups.

The supply table shows the supply of goods and services by product and by type of supplier, distinguishing output by domestic industries and imports. The supply table is compiled at basic price. For the transformation into purchaser’s prices, additional columns for trade and transport margins, taxes and subsidies on products are added.

The use table at purchaser’s prices shows the use of goods and services by product and by type of use. Furthermore, the table shows the structure of intermediate consumption and the value added generated by industry.

By definition, the total of each row in the supply table is equal to the corresponding row in the use table (provided supplies and uses are valued consistently). The column totals for each industry in supply table (output at basic prices) are equal to the column totals in use table (intermediate consumption plus value added).

The symmetric input-output table is a product by product or industry by industry matrix describing the domestic production processes and the transactions in products of the national economy in great detail.

There is one major conceptual difference between the symmetric input-output table and the supply and use table. In the supply and use tables the statistics relate products to industries, while in the symmetric input-output tables the statistics relate products to products or industries to industries. So, in a symmetric input-output table either a product or an industry classification is employed for both rows and columns.

The supply and use tables serve both statistical and analytical purposes. The most important statistical purposes are integration of GDP calculation by output and expenditure approach, identification of gaps in primary sources, best framework for calculation of economic variables and balancing at constant prices (double deflation method). Symmetric input-output tables are the basis for economic analysis.

METHODOLOGY

Calculating the gross domestic product (GDP) at previous year’s prices by double deflation method and chain-linking

GDP at previous year’s prices is compiled within the framework of the supply and use tables. This results in a consistent and integrated set of estimates for GDP at previous year’s prices by production and expenditure approaches.

The supply and use tables of year t at current prices are compiled in previous year’s prices of t-1 using double deflation method with chain-linking. Double deflation means that the output and intermediate consumption for the different industries are deflated separately. Value added at previous year’s prices by industry is estimated as the difference between output and intermediate consumption of goods and services at previous year’s prices. With the chain-linking method, the weights are derived from the supply and use tables for previous year t-1 at current prices.

The supply table at previous year’s prices

The supply table in basic value at previous year’s prices is derived as sum of output and imports calculated at previous year’s prices. The output by industry and by product (valued at basic prices) is calculated at previous year’s prices by dividing the current price figures with a set of price indices. The following price indices are used for deflation: agricultural output price indices, producer price indices by economic activities (domestic production for the domestic market and for exports), construction price indices, consumer price indices, export price indices, service producer price indices. For extrapolation of output, the different physical volume indices, for example, the changing number of passenger-kilometres, tonne-kilometres, employees, is also used. Imports CIF of products are calculated at previous year’s prices by deflation with import price indices.

The use table at previous year’s prices

All transactions with goods and services in the use tables, i.e. intermediate consumption, household final consumption expenditure, capital formation and exports are firstly deflated at basic values. The use matrices for imported products and domestically produced products are deflated separately. The domestic use at basic value of the product is deflated with the supply side’s price index used for deflation of output for the same product. The imported use of product is deflated with the same import price index derived from the supply side. This ensures that the supply and use of each product at previous year’s prices is balanced at basic values.

Previous year’s price figures for trade and transport margins, VAT, products taxes and subsidies are calculated, specified by products, activities and transactions, based on volume projection method. Tax, subsidies and margins basic rates from the use table of the previous year t-1 are used to estimate trade and transport margins, VAT, products taxes and subsidies at previous year’s prices. Previous year’s price figures for the use of each product in purchasers’ values for intermediate consumption, capital formation and exports are derived as the domestic and imported use at basic values plus taxes less subsidies on products and trade and transport margins.

The supply table in purchasers’ values is calculated at previous year’s prices by adding figures for trade and transport margins, VAT, products taxes and subsidies from the use table to the supply table in basic values.

Value added at previous year’s prices by industry is calculated by double deflation. Double deflation means that the output and intermediate consumption for the different activities are deflated separately and value added at previous year’s prices are derived as balancing items.

Deflation of non-market producers’ output (i.e. government and NPISH) is based on the input method. The government and NPISH output at previous year’s prices by industry is calculated as sum of costs: intermediate consumption + compensation of employees + consumption of fixed capital + taxes on production (valued at previous year’s prices). Previous year’s price estimates for the non-market output by government and by NPISH are estimated as the difference between the total costs of production minus sale of market output.

Household final consumption expenditure is firstly deflated at basic values. Trade and transport margins, VAT, products taxes and subsidies at previous year’s prices are estimated by applying the base year margin and tax rates of each product. In the final stage, previous year’s price figure for final consumption expenditure by households in purchasers’ values is corrected by deflating with consumer price indices. This leads to a revision of the trade margin valuation matrix at previous year’s price.

CLASSIFICATIONS

Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community (NACE Rev. 2)

01

Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities

02

Forestry and logging

03

Fishing and aquaculture

05-09

Mining of coal and lignite. Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas. Mining of metal ores. Other mining and quarrying. Mining support service activities

10-12

Manufacture of food products. Manufacture of beverages. Manufacture of tobacco products

13-15

Manufacture of textiles. Manufacture of wearing apparel. Manufacture of leather products

16

Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials

17

Manufacture of paper and paper products

18

Printing and reproduction of recorded media

19

Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products

20

Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products

21

Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations

22

Manufacture of rubber and plastic products

23

Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products

24

Manufacture of basic metals

25

Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

26

Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products

27

Manufacture of electrical equipment

28

Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.

29

Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

30

Manufacture of other transport equipment

31-32

Manufacture of furniture. Other manufacturing

33

Repair and installation of machinery and equipment

35

Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply

36

Water collection, treatment and supply

37-39

Sewerage. Waste collection, treatment and disposal activities; materials recovery. Remediation activities and other waste management services

41-43

Construction of buildings. Civil engineering. Specialised construction activities

45

Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles

46

Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles

47

Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles

49

Land transport and transport via pipelines

50

Water transport

51

Air transport

52

Warehousing and support activities for transportation

53

Postal and courier activities

55-56

Accommodation. Food and beverage service activities

58

Publishing activities

59-60

Motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities. Programming and broadcasting activities

61

Telecommunications

62-63

Computer programming, consultancy and related activities. Information service activities

64

Financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding

65

Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security

66

Activities auxiliary to financial services and insurance activities

68

Real estate activities

69-70

Legal and accounting activities. Activities of head offices; management consultancy activities

71

Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis

72

Scientific research and development

73

Advertising and market research

74-75

Other professional, scientific and technical activities; veterinary activities

77

Rental and leasing activities

78

Employment activities

79

Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation service and related activities

80-82

Security and investigation activities. Services to buildings and landscape activities. Office administrative, office support and other business support activities

84

Public administration and defence; compulsory social security

85

Education

86

Human health activities

87-88

Residential care activities. Social work activities without accommodation

90-92

Creative, arts and entertainment activities. Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities. Gambling and betting activities

93

Sports activities and amusement and recreation activities

94

Activities of membership organisations

95

Repair of computers and personal and household goods

96

Other personal service activities

97-98

Activities of households as employers of domestic personnel. Undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of private households for own use

 

Statistical classification of products by activity in the European Economic Community (CPA 2008)

01

Products of agriculture, hunting and related services

02

Products of forestry, logging and related services

03

Fish and other fishing products; aquaculture products; support services to fishing

05-09

Coal and lignite. Crude petroleum and natural gas. Metal ores. Other mining and quarrying products. Mining support services

10-12

Food products. Beverages. Tobacco products

13-15

Textiles. Wearing apparel. Leather and related products

16

Wood and products of wood and cork, except furniture; articles of straw and plaiting materials

17

Paper and paper products

18

Printing and recording services

19

Coke and refined petroleum products

20

Chemicals and chemical products

21

Basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations

22

Rubber and plastic products

23

Other non-metallic mineral products

24

Basic metals

25

Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

26

Computer, electronic and optical products

27

Electrical equipment

28

Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

29

Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

30

Other transport equipment

31-32

Furniture. Other manufactured goods

33

Repair and installation services of machinery and equipment

35

Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning

36

Natural water; water treatment and supply services

37-39

Sewerage services; sewage sludge. Waste collection, treatment and disposal services; materials recovery services. Remediation services and other waste management services

41-43

Buildings and building construction works. Constructions and construction works for civil engineering. Specialised construction works

45

Wholesale and retail trade and repair services of motor vehicles and motorcycles

46

Wholesale trade services, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles

47

Retail trade services, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles

49

Land transport services and transport services via pipelines

50

Water transport services

51

Air transport services

52

Warehousing and support services for transportation

53

Postal and courier services

55-56

Accommodation services. Food and beverage serving services

58

Publishing services

59-60

Motion picture, video and television programme production services, sound recording and music publishing. Programming and broadcasting services

61

Telecommunications services

62-63

Computer programming, consultancy and related services. Information services

64

Financial services, except insurance and pension funding

65

Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding services, except compulsory social security

66

Services auxiliary to financial services and insurance services

68

Real estate services

69-70

Legal and accounting services. Services of head offices; management consulting services

71

Architectural and engineering services; technical testing and analysis services

72

Scientific research and development services

73

Advertising and market research services

74-75

Other professional, scientific and technical services. Veterinary services

77

Rental and leasing services

78

Employment services

79

Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation services and related services

80-82

Security and investigation services. Services to buildings and landscape. Office administrative, office support and other business support services

84

Public administration and defence; compulsory social security

85

Education services

86

Human health services

87-88

Residential care services. Social work services without accommodation

90-92

Creative, arts and entertainment services. Library, archive, museum and other cultural services. Gambling and betting services

93

Sporting services and amusement and recreation services

94

Services furnished by membership organisations

95

Repair services of computers and personal and household goods

96

Other personal services

97-98

Services of households as employers of domestic personnel. Undifferentiated goods and services produced by private households for own use

CONTACT PERSON

Iljen Dedegkajeva

Economic and Environmental Statistics Department

Tel +372 625 9374

iljen.dedegkajeva@stat.ee

Updated: 30.12.2013