DEFINITIONS

 

The input-output framework as an integrated part of the European System of National and Regional Accounts (ESA95) includes the supply and use tables as well as symmetric input-output tables.

 

The supply and use tables are matrices by products and industries describing the domestic production process in detail (the structure of production costs and the income generated in the production process) and the flows of goods and services (output, imports, exports, intermediate and final consumption, investments) by product groups.

 

The supply table shows the supply of goods and services by product and by type of supplier, distinguishing output by domestic industries and imports. The supply table is compiled at basic prices. For the transformation into purchaser’s prices, additional columns for trade and transport margins, taxes and subsidies on products are added.

 

The use table at purchaser’s prices shows the use of goods and services by product and by type of use. Furthermore, the table shows the structure of intermediate consumption and the value added generated by industry.

 

By definition, the total of each row in the supply table is equal to the corresponding row in the use table (provided supplies and uses are valued consistently). The column totals for each industry in supply table (output at basic prices) are equal to the column totals in use table (intermediate consumption plus value added).

 

The symmetric input-output table is a product by product or industry by industry matrix describing the domestic production processes and the transactions in products of the national economy in great detail.

 

There is one major conceptual difference between the symmetric input-output table and the supply and use table. In the supply and use tables the statistics relate products to industries, while in the symmetric input-output tables the statistics relate products to products or industries to industries. So, in a symmetric input-output table either a product or an industry classification is employed for both rows and columns.

 

The supply and use tables serve both statistical and analytical purposes. The most important statistical purposes are integration of GDP calculation by output and expenditure approach, identification of gaps in primary sources, best framework for calculation of economic variables and balancing at constant prices (double deflation method). Symmetric input-output tables are the basis for economic analysis.

 

 

 

 

METHODOLOGY

 

The supply and use tables for the year 1997 cover following tables: supply table at basic prices, including a transformation into purchasers prices, use tables at basic and purchaser’s prices, symmetric product by product input-output table at basic prices. The input-output tables for domestic output and imports are calculated as well.

 

Supply and use tables are aggregated to the level of 60 industries and 60 product groups. Symmetric input-output tables are aggregated to the level of 60 products. For confidentiality reasons, industries 10 and 11 are aggregated together in industry “Mining of coal, oil shale and peat”. The same aggregation is used with respect to the corresponding products.

 

The supply and use tables for the year 1997 are not integrated with the regular national account compilation process. The main differences concern the statistical units; treatment of the contract processing and non-deductible value added tax (VAT). The statistical units used in the supply and use tables are enterprises. In Estonia statistical surveys collect information on both production and input costs from enterprises, not establishments. In national accounts homogeneous branches are used.

 

In the supply and use tables output and intermediate consumption of industries engaged in contract processing are measured on a gross basis according to the ESA95 recommendations, which differs from net recording in national accounts. It should be noted that the treatment of the production on a gross basis has no impact on the value added of industries, but is important from the methodological point of view.

 

In the supply and use tables, value added tax is recorded according to the theoretical VAT. In national accounts, the total amount of VAT actually paid to the government budget is used. The total VAT paid during the accounting period does not conform to the theoretical VAT from transactions made during the year. Those differences are caused by tax debts and VAT evasion. Non-deductible VAT is calculated by product groups and by categories of uses and is included in purchaser’s prices.

 

In supply and use tables two kinds of product valuation are used. All uses are recorded at purchaser’s prices, which shows real costs paid by the purchaser, while supply is valued at basic prices. Purchaser’s price is the amount paid by the purchaser, which includes trade and transport margins and taxes less subsidies on products. Purchaser’s price excludes any deductible taxes. Exports are valued at f.o.b. value, which is equivalent to purchaser’s price. Basic price is the amount receivable by the producer for a product, which excludes taxes on products but includes subsidies on products. In supply table imports of goods are valued at c.i.f. value, which corresponds to basic price.

 

Symmetric product by product input-output table is derived from the supply and use tables at basic prices by applying mathematical methods. Symmetric input-output table is calculated according to the product technology assumption. It is assumed that each product has its own typical input structure, irrespective of the industry where it is produced. Input coefficient and Leontief inverse coefficient matrices are calculated for analytical purpose.

 

 

 

 

CLASSIFICATIONS

 

Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community (NACE Rev.1)

 

01

Agriculture, hunting and related service activities

02

Forestry, logging and related service activities

05

Fishing, operation of fish hatcheries and fish farms; service activities incidental to fishing

10,11

Coal, lignite and oil-shale; peat. Crude petroleum and natural gas, services incidental to oil and gas extraction, excluding surveying

13

Mining of metal ores

14

Other mining and quarrying

15

Manufacture of food products and beverages

16

Manufacture of tobacco products

17

Manufacture of textiles

18

Manufacture of wearing apparel; dressing and dyeing of fur

19

Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of luggage, handbags, saddlery, harness

20

Manufacture of wood and wood products, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials

21

Manufacture of pulp, paper and paper products

22

Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media

23

Manufacture of coke, refined petroleum products

24

Manufacture of chemicals and chemicals products

25

Manufacture of rubber and plastic products

26

Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products

27

Manufacture of basic metals

28

Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

29

Manufacture of machinery and equipment

30

Manufacture of  office machinery and computers

31

Manufacture of electrical machinery and apparatus

32

Manufacture of radio, television and communication equipment and apparatus

33

Manufacture of medical, precision and optical instruments, watches and clocks

34

Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

35

Manufacture of other transport equipment

36

Manufacture of furniture, manufacture n.e.c.

37

Recycling

40

Electricity, gas, steam and hot water supply

41

Collection, purification and distribution of water

45

Construction

50

Sale, maintenance and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; retail sale and automotive fuel

51

Wholesale trade and commission trade

52

Retail trade, repair of personal and households goods

55

Hotels and restaurants

60

Land transport; transport via pipelines

61

Water transport

62

Air transport

63

Supporting and auxiliary transport activities; activities of travel agencies

64

Post and telecommunications

65

Financial intermediation

66

Insurance and pension funding

67

Activities auxiliary to financial intermediation

70

Real estate activities

71

Renting of machinery and equipment without operator and of personal and household goods

72

Computer and related activities

73

Research and development

74

Other business activities

75

Public administration and defence; compulsory social security

80

Education

85

Health and social work

90

Sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar activities

91

Activities of membership organisation n.e.c.

92

Recreational, cultural and sporting activities

93

Other service activities

 

 

 

 

Statistical classification of products by activity in the European Economic Community (CPA 1996)

 

01

Products of agriculture, hunting and related services

02

Products of forestry, logging and related services

05

Fish and other fishing products, services incidental to fish

10,11

Coal, lignite and oil-shale; peat. Crude petroleum and natural gas, services incidental to oil and

13

gas extraction, excluding surveying

14

Metal ores

15

Other mining and quarrying products

16

Food products and beverages

17

Tobacco products

18

Textiles

19

Wearing apparel; furs

20

Leather and leather products

21

Wood and products of wood and cork (except furniture); articles of straw and plaiting materials

22

Pulp, paper and paper products

23

Printed matter and recorded media

24

Coke, refined petroleum products and nuclear fuel

25

Chemicals, chemical products and man-made fibres

26

Rubber and plastic products

27

Other non-metallic mineral products

28

Basic metals

29

Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

30

Machinery and equipment n.e.c.

31

Office machinery and computers

32

Electrical machinery and apparatus n.e.c.

33

Radio, television and communication equipment and apparatus

34

Medical, precision and optical instruments, watches and clocks

35

Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

36

Other transport equipment

37

Furniture; other manufactured goods n.e.c.

40

Recovered secondary raw materials

41

Electrical energy, gas, steam and hot water

45

Collected and purified water, distribution services of water

50

 Construction work

51

Trade, maintenance and repair services of motor vehicles and motorcycles; retail services of automotive fuel

52

Wholesale trade and commission trade services, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles

55

Retail trade services, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles; repair services of personal and household goods

60

Hotels and restaurant services

61

Land transport and transport via pipeline services

62

Water transport services

63

Air transport services

64

Supporting and auxiliary transport services; travel agency services

65

Post and telecommunication services

66

Financial intermediation services, except insurance and pension funding services

67

Insurance and pension funding services, except compulsory social security services

70

Services auxiliary to financial intermediation

71

Real estate services

72

Renting services of machinery and equipment without operator and of personal and household goods

73

Computer and related services

74

Research and development services

75

Other business services

80

Public administration and defence services, compulsory social security services

85

 Education services

90

Health and social work services

91

Sewage and refuse disposal services, sanitation and similar services

92

Membership organization services n.e.c.

93

Recreational, cultural and sporting services

 

Other services

 

 

 

 

MORE DATA

 

Sisend-väljundtabelid  1997 Input-output tables  Statistikaamet, 2002

 

 

 

 

CONTACT PERSON

 

Iljen Dedegkajeva

Input-output tables section

Tel +372 6259 374

iljen.dedegkajeva@stat.ee