Constant price – current price deflated by price index of goods and services.

Current price – the prices of goods and services in the reference period.

Deflator – the price index, used to convert current prices of any economic variable into prices of some other period.

Economic activity – the main activity of the enterprise by the Estonian Classification of Economic Activities.

Financial leasing – the lease contract by which all risks and rewards of ownership are transferred from lessor to lessee.

Inventories – raw materials and materials; work-in-progress; finished goods; merchandise purchased for resale and prepayments to suppliers. Inventories are recorded at purchaser’s prices or at production cost.

Investments in tangible fixed assets – all expenditures for fixed assets, which prolong the service life or increase the productive capacity of capital goods (e.g. additions, alterations, improvements and renovations). Fixed assets can be used in business for more than a year.

Motor trade enterprises – enterprises the main activity of which is sale, maintenance and repair of motor vehicles and motor cycles; retail sale of motor fuel (by the Estonian Classification of Economic Activities G50).

Net sales – the revenue from the sale of goods or services, which does not include VAT and excises. Net sales exclude subsidies. The comparison of data with those of previous periods is presented as net sales volume indices. The net sales volume index characterises the change in the sales in constant prices. The index is calculated on the basis of the price indices of the respective commodities.

Number of hours worked – hours actually worked during normal working hours including overtime. If the exact number of hours actually worked is not known, it may be estimated on the basis of the theoretical number of working hours.

Number of persons employed – the total number of persons who work in the enterprise irrespective of the length of their working week.

Persons employed include:

- proprietors and unpaid family members working in the enterprise;

- full- or part-time employees who are on the pay-roll;

- persons who work outside the unit but are in the list of employees of the unit and on the enterprise’s pay-roll (e.g. delivery personnel, sales representatives, repair and maintenance teams, etc.);

- persons temporary absent (e.g. on sick leave, paid leave, on strike, etc.);

- seasonal workers, apprentices and home workers who are on the pay-roll;

- persons employed under contract of services.

Unpaid family workers refer to persons who live with the proprietor of the unit and work regularly for the unit, but do not have a contract of service and do not receive a fixed sum for the work they perform. This is limited to only those persons who are not included on the payroll of another unit as their principal occupation.

The number of persons employed excludes manpower supplied to the unit by other enterprises, persons carrying out repair and maintenance work in the observation unit on behalf of another enterprise as well as persons absent from work for a long time (persons on child care leave, conscripts, etc.).

Number of persons employed is calculated as the average of a quarter.

Personnel expenses – wages and salaries and social security costs.

Retail sales of goods – resell of new and second-hand goods by stores, stalls, sell counters, mail order sale stores, Internet and public sale to the people for their private consumption and housekeeping. Retail sale does not include sales of durable goods (cars, furniture, household appliances, etc.) to the people through leasing enterprises, if leasing enterprise becomes the owner of goods.

Retail trade enterprises – enterprises which main activity is first and foremost selling of goods (excl. motor vehicles and motorcycles) for mainly using in households (according to the Estonian Classification of Economic Activities, activity G 52).

Social security costs – paid by the employer according to the legislation.

Value index – the change in the sales of goods in current prices compared to the sales of previous periods. Value index is the ratio in percentages of the indicator of the current period and that of the reference period. Price index is not used while calculating the value index.

Volume index – the change in the volume of sales of goods in constant prices compared to the sale of some previous period. Price indices of goods are used while calculating the index.

Wages and salaries – the total remuneration payable to all persons counted on the payroll (including home workers), in return for work done during the reference period.

Wholesale sale – reselling of goods and mediation to industrial and trade consumers, institutions and organizations, including leasing enterprises. In mediation of goods, the goods do not belong to mediator; only commission for services belongs there.


The data have been collected on the basis of the statistical survey  “Economic activity of accommodation, catering and tourist enterprises”.

The reference period is a quarter.

In the survey the data about turnover and retail sales are collected.

The survey population comprises enterprises, which are included in the register of economically active enterprises called the Statistical Profile, created on the basis of the database of the Ministry of Justice Centre of Register.

Number of employed persons – all enterprises with 20 and more employed persons are under observation. The data of small enterprises (1–19 employed persons) are collected by sample survey, using the stratified simple random sample. The population is stratified by economic activity and by number of persons employed.

The estimates of the population total are calculated on the basis of the data collected by sample survey. When possible, the data of non-responded enterprises are replaced by those of an earlier period. The data of the remaining part of non-respondents are replaced with the respective average of responded similar enterprises.

The comparison of data with those of previous periods is presented as retail sales volume indices.

Productivity indicators were calculated by following formulas:







Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2003)

G 50

Sale, maintenance and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; retail sale of automotive fuel

G 51

Wholesale trade and commission trade

G 52

Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles; repair of personal and household goods


Groups of economic activities used in data publication:

G 50+G 52

Economic activities total

G 50

Sale, maintenance and repair of motor vehicles, retail sale of automotive fuel

G 501+G 503+G 504

   sale of motor vehicles and their parts

G 502

   maintenance and repair of motor vehicles

G 505

   retail sale of automotive fuel

G 51

Wholesale trade and commission trade

G 511

   wholesale on a fee or contract basis

G 512

   wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals

G 513

   wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco

G 514

   wholesale of textiles, clothing, footwear and household goods

G 515

   wholesale of fuels, metals, building materials, chemical products and waste

G 518

   wholesale of machinery, equipment and supplies

G 519

   other wholesale

G 52

Retail trade

G 5211

   retail sale in non-specialized stores with food predominating

G 5212

   retail sale in non-specialized stores with industrial goods predominating

G 522

   retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialized stores

G 523

   retail sale of pharmaceutical and medical goods, cosmetics

G 5241+G 5242+G 5243

   retail sale of textiles, clothing, footwear and leather goods

G 5244+G 5245+G 5246

   retail sale of household goods and appliances, hardware and building materials

G 5247+G 5248

   retail sale in other specialized stores

G 5261

   retail sale via mail order houses

G 525+G 5262+G 5263+G 527

   retail sale of second-hand goods in stores, retail sale via stalls and markets, direct sale


Eesti Statistika Kuukiri. Monthly Bulletin of Estonian Statistics

Eesti Põhilised Sotsiaal- ja Majandusnäitajad. Main Social and Economic Indicators of Estonia. Monthly bulletin (e-publication on the web site)

Ettevõtlus. Business


The data are first published 65 days after the reference period.

The data may be revised during the year after the end of the reference quarter.


Jaanika Tiigiste

Enterprise and Agricultural Statistics Department

Tel +372 625 9257


Updated: 19.03.2014