DEFINITIONS

Constant price – current price deflated by price index of goods and services.

Current price – the prices of goods and services in the reference period.

Motor trade enterprises – enterprises the main activity of which is sale, maintenance and repair of motor vehicles and motor cycles; retail sale of motor fuel (by the Estonian Classification of Economic Activities G45).

Retail sales of goods – resell of new and second-hand goods by stores, stalls, sell counters, mail order sale stores, Internet and public sale to the people for their private consumption and housekeeping. Retail sale will not include sales of durable goods (cars, furniture, household appliances, etc.) to the people through leasing enterprises, if leasing enterprise becomes the owner of goods.

Retail trade enterprises – enterprises which main activity is first and foremost selling of goods (excl. motor vehicles and motorcycles) for mainly using in households (according to the Estonian Classification of Economic Activities, activity G 47).

Turnover – income from sale of all products, goods and services received or to be received, which does not include VAT and excises. Turnover is equal with the pay received or to be received and is calculated on a accrual basis accounting. Turnover excludes subsidies.

Volume index – the change in the volume of sales of goods in constant prices compared to the sale of some previous period. Price indices of goods are used while calculating the index.

Wholesale enterprises – enterprises which main activity is sale of goods (excl. motor vehicles and motorcycles) to industrial and trade consumers, institutions and organisations, including leasing enterprises (according to the Estonian Classification of Economic Activities, activity G 46).

Wholesale sales of goods – reselling of goods and mediation to industrial and trade consumers, institutions and organisations, including leasing enterprises. In mediation of goods, the goods do not belong to mediator, only commission for services belongs there.

METHODOLOGY

DATA COLLECTION

The financial data of enterprises have been collected on the basis of the annual statistical questionnaire “EKOMAR”. The financial data of enterprises do not include data of budgetary institutions and organisations, sole proprietors and farms.

DATA PROCESSING

Statistical unit

Statistical unit is an enterprise. An enterprise consists of one or more companies (public limited company, private limited company, limited partnership, general partnership, commercial association) or branches of foreign companies or sole proprietors. Annual statistics cover only branches of foreign companies with 20 or more persons employed and sole proprietors.

Population and sampling frame

The survey population comprises enterprises included in the register of economically active enterprises called the Statistical Profile. The Statistical Profile is created on the basis of the Commercial Register and is used as the sampling frame.

Sample

The financial data are collected by sample survey, using stratified simple random sampling. The population was stratified by economic activity, by number of persons employed and by type of owner. The data collected by sample survey are expanded to the whole population.

Enterprises have been divided into groups by economic activity according to the Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008), which is based on the NACE Rev. 2 (Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Communities).

By type of owner, all state and municipal enterprises as well as enterprises of private ownership with 20 or more persons employed are completely enumerated. The rest of enterprises belonging to Estonian and foreign persons in private law are sampled. Since 2014 the retail trade enterprises with one person employed and since 2015, enterprises in the remaining activity areas with one person employed should not submit the annual statistical questionnaire. Their data are estimated by using models on the basis of annual bookkeeping reports data from the Commercial Register.

CONFIDENTIALITY

The dissemination of data collected for the purpose of producing official statistics is guided by the requirements provided for in § 34 and § 35 of the Official Statistics Act.

FORMULAS

Productivity indicators were calculated by following formulas:

                             retail sales of goods + wholesale sales of goods

Trading margin = ——————————————————————  x 100 – 100

                                   purchased and resold goods

 

                                                      purchased goods for sale at the end of the year

Selling time of goods inventories = ———————————————————————  x 360

                                                      retail sales of goods + wholesale sales of goods

CLASSIFICATIONS

Economic activity groups by Estonian Classification of Economic Activities (EMTAK 2008) based on NACE Rev.2

G

Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles

G45

..wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles

G451

....sale of motor vehicles

G452

....maintenance and repair of motor vehicles

G453

....sale of motor vehicle parts and accessories

G454

....sale, maintenance and repair of motorcycles and related parts and accessories

G46

..wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles

G461

....wholesale on a fee or contract basis

G462

....wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals

G463

....wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco

G464

....wholesale of household goods

G465

....wholesale of information and communication equipment

G466

....wholesale of other machinery, equipment and supplies

G467

....other specialised wholesale

G469

....non-specialised wholesale trade

G47

..retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles

G471

....retail sale in non-specialised stores

G4711

....retail sale in non-specialised stores (food or beverages predominating)

G4719

....other retail sale in non-specialised stores

472

....retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco in specialised stores

G473

....retail sale of automotive fuel in specialised stores

G474

....retail sale of information and communication equipment in specialised stores

G4741-4742

......retail sale of computers, peripheral units and software, telecommunications equipment in specialised stores

G4743

......retail sale of audio and video equipment in specialised stores

G475

....retail sale of other household equipment in specialised stores

G4751

......retail sale of textiles in specialised stores

G4752

......retail sale of hardware, paints and glass in specialised stores

G4753

......retail sale of carpets, rugs, wall and floor coverings in specialised stores

G4754

......retail sale of electrical household appliances in specialised stores

G4759

......retail sale of furniture, lighting equipment and other household articles

G476

....retail sale of cultural and recreation goods in specialised stores

G4761-4762

......retail sale of books, newspapers and stationery in specialised stores

G4763

......retail sale of music and video recordings in specialised stores

G4764-4765

......retail sale of sporting equipment, games and toys in specialised stores

G477

....retail sale of other goods in specialised stores

G4771

......retail sale of clothing in specialised stores

G4772

......retail sale of footwear and leather goods in specialised stores

G4773-4774

......dispensing chemist in specialised stores and retail sale of medical and orthopaedic goods in specialised stores

G4775

......retail sale of cosmetic and toilet articles in specialised stores

G4776

......retail sale of flowers, plants, seeds, fertilisers, pet animals and pet food

G4777

......retail sale of watches and jewellery in specialised stores

G4778

......other retail sale of new goods in specialised stores

G4779

......retail sale of second-hand goods in stores

G478

....retail sale via stalls and markets

G479

....retail trade not in stores, stalls or markets

G4791

......retail sale via mail order houses or via Internet

G4799

......other retail sale not in stores, stalls or markets

MORE DATA

Eesti statistika aastaraamat. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia

CONTACT PERSON

Tatjana Semjonova

Enterprise and Agricultural Statistics Department

Tel +372 625 9163

tatjana.semjonova@stat.ee

Updated: 22.03.2019