DEFINITIONS

 

General trade system — the system of compiling foreign trade statistics which takes into account in addition to goods crossing the boundary of the free circulation area also the goods imported from abroad into customs warehouses and goods re-exported from customs warehouses.

General imports — normal imports (imports of goods to Estonia for domestic consumption), imports for inward processing with notification of intended return, re-imports after processing outside of Estonia and imports from abroad into customs warehouses.

General exports — normal exportation (exportation of goods produced in Estonia or owned by Estonian legal persons), re-exportation after inward processing, re-exportation from customs warehouses and supplies for foreign vessels and aircraft stores.

Special trade system — the system of compiling foreign trade statistics which takes into account goods crossing the boundary of the free circulation area.

Special imports — normal importation (imports of goods to Estonia for domestic consumption), imports for inward processing with notification of intended return and re-imports after processing outside of Estonia (imports from abroad into customs warehouses is excluded).

Special exports — normal exportation (exportation of goods produced in Estonia or owned by Estonian legal persons), re-exportation after inward processing and supplies for foreign vessels and aircraft stores (re-exportation from customs warehouses is excluded).

CIF value — the cost of commodity that includes the production, transportation and insurance costs up to the border of the importing country.

FOB value — the cost of commodity that includes the production and transportation costs up to the border of the exporting country.

 

 

 

 

METHODOLOGY

 

The production of foreign trade statistics is based on the data declared on single administrative documents (SAD). Statistical survey is used for goods which are not subject to customs clearance.

The production of foreign trade statistics is regulated by the Statistics Act, the Customs Act and the recommendations of the United Nations Statistical Commission and the Statistical Office of European Communities (Eurostat).

The border crossing date marked in the goods declaration at the border inspection post verifies the exports or imports transaction and serves as a basis for including data into the database of the respective month.

Both exports and imports are valued at the Estonian border: exports are valued FOB (sale price) and imports are valued CIF (purchase price).

Commodities are classified according to the Nomenclature of Estonian Commodities (hereinafter NEC; introduced on 1 April 1993 and updated every year on 1 January). From 1999, pursuant to NEC, the numerical code of goods consists of ten digits, as against the previous nine digits.

NEC is a national classification, which is based on the Harmonized System (HS) used in international trade. The first six digits equal the HS, the first eight digits equal the Combined Tariff and Statistics Nomenclature of EEC. The ninth and the tenth digit serve as an additional code for the two-digit NEC, which arise from the requirements of the trade policy or taxation.

The nomenclature divides commodities into 21 sections and 97 chapters.

The units of measurement are in accordance with the requirements established by the NEC.

In exports, the partner country is the country of destination, in imports — the country where the goods have been produced (country of origin).

The countries are classified on the basis of the Standard of Country Area Codes (ISO 3166).

The data received from the Customs Board are sent to the Statistical Office of Estonia where the following corrections are made:

addition of the data on

¾   exports of electrical energy (monthly data),

¾   imports of natural gas (monthly data),

¾   sale of fish or crustaceans in foreign waters and ports (monthly data);

exclusion of the data on

¾   imports and exports of bank notes in circulation (code 490700300),

¾   tax stamps of excise on tobacco (code 490700102),

¾   tax stamps of excise on alcohol (code 490700103),

¾   monetary gold (code 710820),

¾   goods for use by embassies,

¾   supplies to duty and tax-free shops at ports and airports (code 96),

¾   destruction of goods under customs supervision (code 93),

¾   permanent use of goods under customs supervision (code 94),

¾   until 1995 goods with a value below 300 kroons and since 1995 goods with a value below 325 kroons,

¾   in case Estonia is the country of destination, placement of goods intended for exports or re-exportation into the free zone (part of goods declared under the customs procedure code 78).

Since 1994, foreign trade statistics exclude temporary exportation (importation) subject to re-exportation (re-importation) in an unaltered state.

The purpose or object of the temporary importation or exportation of goods may be:

¾   exhibitions, fairs, symposiums, conferences, competitions, etc., where goods are displayed or demonstrated;

¾   equipment and materials necessary for carrying out exhibitions, fairs, symposiums, conferences, etc.;

¾   marked samples of goods;

¾   professional equipment necessary for performing work tasks;

¾   containers, pallets or other packings necessary for transportation of goods;

¾   equipment used in production;

¾   equipment necessary for carrying out and used at athletic contests;

¾   medical (incl. surgical) and laboratory equipment for rendering first aid;

¾   motor vehicles specially built or rebuilt to serve a specific purpose;

¾   motor vehicles for the natural person’s personal use only;

¾   leased or rented goods.

From 1995 the Customs Board started to declare the repair of foreign vessels (the full value of vessels is declared both on arrival to Estonia and on departure after the repair). As the repair of capital goods falls under services, these data have been excluded from foreign trade statistics. Since 2001 also the repair of airplanes abroad is excluded.

In 1999 free zones were established in the territory of Estonia and, consequently, customs procedure codes 78 (placement of goods intended for exports or re-exportation into the free zone) and 56 (temporary importation for processing in the free zone) were added.

Exports and imports do not include information concerning the conveyance of goods, owned by legal persons residing in foreign countries, from one foreign country to another through the territory of Estonia (with both the sender and consignee of goods being outside the Estonian borders), i.e. so-called transit haulage, as well as imports and exports of goods owned by private persons.

When publishing the exports and imports data by CPA (Statistical Classification of Products by Activity) product classes and SITC (Standard International Trade Classification Rev.3) commodity sections, the goods are transferred from HS to the corresponding classifications.

 

 

 

 

CLASSIFICATIONS

 

STANDARD INTERNATIONAL TRADE CLASSIFICATION (SITC. Rev.3)

SITC commodity section

 

0

Food and live animals

1

Beverages and tobacco

2

Crude materials, inedible, except fuels

3

Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials

4

Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes

5

Chemicals and related products

6

Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material

7

Machinery and transport equipment

8

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

9

Commodities and transactions not classified elsewhere in the SITC 

 

 

 

 

MORE DATA

 

Eesti piirkondlik statistika. Regional Statistics of Estonia. Yearbook

Eesti rahvamajanduse arvepidamine. National Accounts of Estonia. Yearbook

Eesti Statistika. Estonian Statistics. Monthly

Väliskaubandus. Foreign Trade. Yearbook

Väliskaubandus. Foreign Trade. Quarterly bulletin

 

 

 

 

OTHER INFORMATION

 

The foreign trade data of the current year are revised monthly, data of previous years are revised twice a year (released in April and December).

Foreign trade statistics can be ordered here:

               Ordering of foreign trade statistics.

 

 

 

 

CONTACT PERSON

 

Allan Aron

Foreign trade statistics section

Tel +372 6259 109

allan.aron@stat.ee