Exports – exportation of goods produced in Estonia, exportation of goods imported from a foreign country (re-exports), temporary exportation of goods for the purpose of processing abroad, re-exportation after inward processing and supplies for foreign vessels and aircraft stores. Exports exclude transit and services.
Exports of goods of Estonian origin – the export of goods produced or processed in Estonia to other countries.
Extrastat (Extra EC Trade Statistics) – the special system for collecting statistics on the trade in goods between the EU Member States and non-EU countries. Tax and Customs Board is the institution responsible for the Extrastat data collection from customs declarations.
Imports – imports of goods into Estonia for domestic consumption and for resale to a foreign country, imports for inward processing with notification of intended return and re-imports after processing outside of Estonia. Imports exclude transit and services.
Intrastat (Intra EC Trade Statistics) – the special system for collecting statistics on the trade in goods between the Member States of the European Union (EU). Statistics Estonia is the institution responsible for the Intrastat data collection directly from enterprises involved in foreign trade.
Special trade system – the system of compiling foreign trade statistics which takes into account goods crossing the boundary of the free circulation area.
The statistical database contains all data collected through Extrastat and Intrastat systems and the information is presented in current prices. As the data collection systems are different the users of statistics should pay attention to the following aspects:
- Extrastat data are based on customs declarations and contain practically the whole information on the trade with non-EU countries (so called third countries). There are no data losses caused by non-response or by other issues.
- Intrastat data are based on statistical declarations and companies with lower foreign trade turnover are not obliged to submit data. Additionally there are other data losses caused by non-response or late response. Missing data are replaced with estimations and estimated figures are revised upon receiving additional information. The estimations are calculated on 2-digit commodity code and partner country level.
The methodology of foreign trade statistics changed because of Estonia’s accession to the European Union in 2004. Previously all foreign trade statistics were based on customs declarations. Due to the the implementation of Intrastat system the statistics published before and after the accession to the EU are not directly comparable in terms of quality and methodology. The current foreign trade statistics are more similar to the previous statistics based on the special statistics system. However it should be taken into account that large amounts of goods, which formerly moved under the supervision of customs authorities in customs warehouses and which were not taken into account in statistics according to the rules of the special trade system, are now in free circulation and included in statistics as customs warehouses were replaced by intermediate depots in the case of the internal EU trade.
The country of origin is a country where a commodity has been produced. If two or more countries are connected with the production of an article, it is assumed that this article originates from the country where it was significantly processed last (it should be economically justified), resulting in the manufacture of a new product or completing an important manufacturing stage.
At the level of 4-, 6- and 8-digit commodity codes, the tables include only collected data. Estimates for data losses caused by non-response or late response and enterprises below the statistical threshold are not made at the level of 4-, 6- and 8-digit commodity codes in trade with EU countries. The estimations have been added to the database data at the chapter level, 2-digit commodity code level and country level.
In exports, the partner country is the country of destination.
In imports there can be 2 partner countries: 1) country of consignment – the country wherefrom a commodity has directly arrived; 2) country of origin – the country where the goods have been produced.
According to the methodology of the EU in Intrastat (trade with EU countries) can be marked code EU in case of country of origin, if the commodity is originated in European Union, but is unknown what specific country. If the country of origin is unknown, XX should be marked as a code.
Commodity net weight
The net weight is the weight of a commodity without packaging. Net weight is presented in kilograms.
Commodity quantity in supplementary units
The quantity and unit of the commodity have to be marked if the corresponding commodity code of the CN has a supplementary unit other than kilograms (e.g. litre, piece, etc.).
Commodity value is the statistical value of goods: imports are valued in CIF (purchase price) and exports are valued in FOB (sale price). The statistical value of the commodity is in euros.
CIF value is the value of commodity which includes the cost of commodity and the costs connected with the transportation and insurance of commodity up to the border of the importing country.
FOB value is the value of commodity which includes the cost of commodity and the costs connected with the transportation and insurance of commodity up to the border of the exporting country.
Commodities are classified according to the numerical codes of the Combined Nomenclature (CN); introduced in May 2004. Sections are biggest in CN, their total number is 21 and they are indicated with Roman numerals. Section’s number is not express in commodity code. Sections consist from 99 chapters. Each chapter divides to 4-, 6- and 8-digit commodity codes.
Links to the full versions of corresponding years’ combined nomenclatures and information about relating changes can be found at the website of the Statistics Estonia http://www.stat.ee/17176.
Countries are classified according to the Nomenclature of Countries and Territories for the External Trade Statistics of the Community and Statistics of Trade between Member States (GEONOM), which can be found on the website of Statistics Estonia http://www.stat.ee/en under the Heading “Metadata”.
Commodity quantity in supplementary units can be found on the website of Statistics Estonia at http://www.stat.ee/76100
News releases of foreign trade statistics are published 40 days after the reporting period simultaneously with updating of the statistical database every month.
Minifacts about Estonia (pocket-sized reference book)
Eesti Statistika Kvartalikiri. Quarterly Bulletin of Statistics Estonia
The foreign trade data of the two previous years are revised twice a year (released in March and October).
Foreign trade statistics can be ordered here:
Enterprise and Agricultural Statistics Department
Tel +372 625 9259