DEFINITIONS

Agricultural holding – until 2019, agricultural holding was a single unit both technically and economically, which had single management and which produced agricultural products or maintained its land in good agricultural and environmental condition and where:

- there was at least one hectare of utilised agricultural land or;

- there is less than one hectare of utilised agricultural land but agricultural products are produced mainly for sale.

From 2020, agricultural holding is a single unit both technically and economically, where there is at least:

- there was at least one hectare of utilised agricultural land or;

- there was at least one hectare of utilised agricultural land or;

- 5 hectares of utilized agricultural area or; ;

- 2 hectares of arable land or;;

- 0.5 hectares of potatoes or;

- 0.2 hectares of aromatic and medicinal plants and herbs, flowers, seeds, nurseries or;

- 0.3 hectares of fruit and berry plantations, other permanent crops (except nurseries) or;

- 100 m2 of greenhouses or;

- 1.7 livestock units.

Agricultural small unit – unit which is smaller than agricultural holding and where there are at least:

a) 50 square metres of kitchen garden or three fruit trees or six berry bushes or; b) 10 rabbits, 10 poultry heads or other agricultural animals or; c) three colonies of bees..

Approved meat establishments – according to the Food Act, approving of the companies is performed by the Veterinary and Food Board. Approving is a procedure, in the course of which the food-processing companies or their parts are checked with regard to their correspondence to the Food Act, European Parliament and Council Regulations No 852/2004 and 853/2004 and to all other appropriate acts of food processing.

Average number of dairy cows – quotient of number of dairy cows feeding days and number of calendar days of the reference quarter (year).

Average number of laying hens – quotient of number of laying hens feeding days and number of calendar days of the reference quarter (year).

Average yield per cow – average quantity of milk obtained in a quarter (year) per dairy cow.

Average yield per hen – average quantity of eggs obtained in a quarter (year) per laying hen.

Bovine meat – the weight of a slaughtered bovine animal’s cold body after having been skinned, bled and eviscerated, and after removal of the genital organs with the attached muscles and the udder and the mammary fat, after the feet have been severed at the carpametacarpal or tarsometatarsal joints and the removal of the head.

Certified organic products – agricultural products received from a fully converted organic agricultural area or certified organic livestock and that can be labelled as fully organic.

Cows – female bovine animals who have calved at least once.

Dairy cows – cows held for producing milk.

Fattening pigs – fattening pig with live weight of 50 kg or more, including cull boars and cull sows.

Fully converted – agricultural area and/or livestock which has passed the fixed conversion period from non-organic to organic farming during which the provisions concerning organic production were applied, and will continue to be applied. After the conversion period, the production can be labelled as organic.

Heifers – female bovine animals who have not yet calved and who are not included under calves and young cattle.

Livestock unit (LSU)– a standard measurement unit that allows the aggregation of various kinds of livestock and poultry. Livestock units are defined on the basis of the feed requirements of individual animal categories. A dairy cow corresponds to one livestock unit, the coefficients of other animals are smaller (e.g. bovine animal – 0.8; fattening pig – 0.3; broiler – 0.007). The coefficients of livestock units are stated with EU Parliament and Council regulation No 2018/1091.

Meat production – meat of animals soldto meat production and processing enterprises (slaughterhouses) or to buyers for slaughter, incl. for export (from Estonia to third countries as well as to other European Union countries), and meat of animals slaughtered in slaughterhouses belonging to holdings or slaughtered elsewhere as a service..

Mutton and goats meat – the weight of a slaughtered sheep or goat’s cooled body after having been skinned, bled and eviscerated (except the kidneys, kidney fats), and after removal of the head (separated at the atloido-occipital joint), of the feet (severed at the carpo-metacarpal or tarsometatarsal joints), of the tail (severed between the sixth and seventh caudal vertebrae) and of the genital organs (including udder).

Offal – heart, pulmones, liver and tongue (excl. tongue of sheep and goat).

Organic farming – sustainable production of agricultural produce, which maintains basic equilibrium and which is carried out in compliance with the Organic Farming Act and with other relevant legislation. Holdings with organic production have the approval of the Estonian Agricultural Board (either fully compliant with the principles of organic production or still in a conversion period).

Other cows – fattened cows, nurse cows and meat breed cows.

Other cows – cattle for fattening, suckler cow, cow of a beef breed.

Pig-meat – – the weight of a slaughtered pig’s cooled body after having been bled and eviscerated and after removal of kidneys and flare fat, the bristles, the genital organs, the tongue, the diaphragm and the hooves.

Value– purchase price, excluding the value added tax.

METHODOLOGY

For producing the annual statistics of livestock farming, the following data are used: data of cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and swarms of bees from the register of agricultural animals of the Estonian Agricultural Registers and Information Board (ARIB), data of slaughtering and honey production from the Veterinary and Food Board, and data of foreign trade and statistical surveys.

The data of organic livestock farming are received as aggregate data from the register of organic farming of the Agricultural Board. For producing the quarterly statistics of livestock farming, the following data are used: data of cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and beehives from the register of agricultural animals of the ARIB and data about milk production per dairy cow from the website of the Estonian Livestock Performance Recording Ltd; the data for sheep, goats and milk production are used with model-based calculations..

The quarterly data of poultry are received from larger holdings (at least 500 poultry heads) by a survey and for smaller holdings by model-based calculations.

Monthly data of purchase are collected from all meat processing establishments where slaughtering of animals is approved by the Veterinary and Food Board and which purchase animals.

Data about milk production have been collected by annual statistical survey „Dairy cows“ and data about fur animals by annual statistical survey „Fur animals“.

Data about livestock registered in ARIB, including cattle, sheep, goats and pigs include also data of agricultural small units (agricultural household plots). Data about beehives and poultry in agricultural small units are estimated and they are collected at least once every ten years.

CONTACT PERSON

Anton Kardakov
Enterprise and Agricultural Statistics Department
Tel +372 625 8479
anton.kardakov@stat.ee

Updated:30.12.2019